With its origins in the New Year festivals in China that celebrate the Lunar New Year，the Nagasaki Lantern Festival is the largest winter tradition to brighten the Nagasaki winter and is continuing to grow in scale year after year. Over one million visitors now attend this event. Approximately 15000 Chinese lanterns light the streets of Nagasaki’s Chinatown and Hamamachi Arcade areas，etc. Starting with the main art object exceeding 10m in the Chinatown venue，there are large installations in all of the venues. A huge number of Chinese-style events such as a “dragon dance，” “Chinese acrobatics，” and “erhu performances” are held with growing intensity over a 15-day period. The red lantern-lit streets glitter brightly，and one could say that these remarkable scenes create the atmosphere of a foreign country，as though visitors are not in Japan at all.